NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14: Natural Resources

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Science Chapter 14 – CBSE Internal Assessment Free PDF Download

*According to the NCERT Syllabus of 2023-24, this chapter was removed.

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14 are created to be a handy reference and guiding solution to help students clear doubts instantly and effectively. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science includes precisely solved questions and exercises for the best preparation for internal assessment.

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science are prepared by the faculty with in-depth subject experience. Class 9 Solution by NCERT is developed keeping in mind the concept-based approach, along with the precise answering method for the internal assessment. Refer to NCERT Solutions for Class 9 for a better score. It is a detailed and well-structured solution contributed by the NCERT board for a better understanding and a good grasp of concept-based knowledge. NCERT for Class 9 Science Solutions is made available in web and PDF format for easy access.

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14: Natural Resources

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Access Answers of Science NCERT Class 9 Chapter 14: Natural Resources  (All in-text and exercise questions solved)

In-text Question 1.1

1. How is our atmosphere different from the atmospheres on Venus and Mars?


The Earth’s atmosphere is composed of various gases like oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and water vapour, along with various gases in small quantities, hence making it a balanced and livable than other planets. Planets like Venus and Mars have more than 95% of carbon dioxide in the air making the existence of life impossible.

2. How does the atmosphere act as a blanket?


⇒ It maintains consistency in temperature throughout the day, making it a comfortable place to stay.

⇒ The ozone in the atmosphere is responsible for maintaining the temperature without letting the harmful ultraviolet ray affect it.

3. What causes winds?


The uneven heating of the earth’s surface is the main cause of winds. On being further heated, the air rises up, and low pressure is created. Hence, the air in high pressure occupies the low-pressure region causing the wind.

4. How are clouds formed?


During the day time, in the presence of sunlight, water from sources like well, lakes, ponds, seas, rivers and various other sources gets evaporated. Water vapour rises up with the hot air. At a particular height, the air cools, and the water vapour condenses to form minute droplets to form clouds.

5. List any three human activities that you think would lead to air pollution.


⇒ Burning of fuels like petroleum, kerosene, and coal in the atmosphere.

⇒ The smoke released from manufacturing industries.

⇒ The smoke emitted from vehicles.

In-text Question 1.2

1. Why do organisms need water?


⇒ Every cellular process needs water.

⇒ Photosynthesis in plants.

⇒ Transportation of substances in the body takes place through water by dissolving the contents in water.

⇒ Required minerals are transported in terrestrial animals through water, and even to eliminate waste from the body, water is used.

2. What is the major source of fresh water in the city/town/village where you live?


⇒ Rainfall

⇒ Underground water from wells

⇒ Water sources like ponds, rivers, and lakes

⇒ Snow

3. Do you know of any activity which may be polluting this water source?


⇒ Dumping waste in the river

⇒ Factory waste

⇒ Sewage

In-text Question 1.3

1. What are the different states in which water is found during the water cycle?


Water is found in all three states, like

⇒ A solid-state (Snow, ice)

⇒ Liquid state (river water, underground water)

⇒ Gaseous state (water vapour)

2. Name two biologically important compounds that contain both oxygen and nitrogen.


⇒ DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)

⇒ RNA (Ribonucleic Acid)

⇒ Amino acids

3. List any three human activities which would lead to an increase in the carbon dioxide content of the air.


⇒ Breathing process where carbon dioxide is released

⇒ Burning of petrol, coal, and fuel

⇒ Using fridge, air conditioners and oven

4. What is the greenhouse effect?


Gases like carbon dioxide and methane trap the sun’s radiation and do not allow it to go back. This causes the warming of the atmosphere, resulting in the greenhouse effect.

5. What are the two forms of oxygen found in the atmosphere?


Oxygen is present in two forms, and they are

⇒ Diatomic molecular form (O2)

⇒ Triatomic molecular form (O3)

Exercise Questions 1.1

1. Why is the atmosphere essential for life?


⇒ The atmosphere is constituted of various main gases like O2, N2, and CO2, which are the basis of living of microorganisms, plants and animals.

⇒ Photosynthesis is due to the earth’s atmosphere.

⇒ The constant temperature of the earth is the cause of the earth’s atmosphere.

⇒ Processes like respiration, burning, and combustion are due to the atmosphere.

⇒ The atmosphere is the main reason to restrict UV rays into the earth.

2. Why is water essential for life?


⇒ All the biological activities, such as respiration, digestion and other biological reactions, are supported by water.

⇒ Living beings are composed of more than 70% of water.

⇒ Transportation of substances from one form to another takes place due to the presence of water.

3. How are living organisms dependent on the soil? Are organisms that live in water totally independent of soil as a resource?


All living organisms on the earth, directly or indirectly, are dependent on soil for a living. Plants obtain water and minerals through the soil and prepare their food. Other living organisms that live in water are not totally independent of soil because the microbes growing on the soil in water are the primary producers. Primary producers are the main and chief element of the food chain. Various microbes found in soil help in the decomposition of dead plants and animals in water, which helps in returning the nutrients and elements back to the water.

4. You have seen weather reports on television and in newspapers. How do you think we are able to predict the weather?


Weather is studied as the collection of various elements, like high and low temperatures, humidity, rainfall, wind speed and more, using various figures and facts with relevant instruments. Hence, we are able to forecast the weather, on the basis of the data collected by the meteorologists.

5. We know that many human activities lead to increasing levels of pollution of the air, water-bodies and soil. Do you think that isolating these activities to specific and limited areas would help in reducing pollution?


Human activities are the main reason for the pollution of the air. Air is the medium to spread pollutants into various sources like water and soil. Hence, we can say that limiting activities in certain places will definitely help air pollution to be controlled to some extent.

6. Write a note on how forests influence the quality of our air, soil and water resources.



  • Forests help in purifying the air by absorbing all kinds of pollutants.
  • Forests help in increasing the oxygen level in the air by absorbing carbon dioxide during photosynthesis.
  • Transpiration helps to maintain the temperature of the surroundings and helps in the formation of clouds.


  • Plants in forests hold the soil, thereby preventing soil erosion.
  • Adds nutrients to the soil as a lot of vegetation present in the forest gets decomposed.


  • Forest helps in bringing rain and increasing the level of water in underground levels
Also Access 
NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14
CBSE Notes for Class 9 Science Chapter 14

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14 – Natural Resources

NCERT Class 9 Science Chapter 14 Natural Resources explains the role of the atmosphere, and the importance of air for a living, along with various experiments and facts. Besides, it explains why the Earth is different from other planets, like Venus and Mars. Various activities are also included in this chapter to make students understand the concepts. NCERT Class 9 Science Chapter 14 Natural Resources explains why water is called a wonder liquid, along with briefing the importance of rain. A clear explanation of the water and nitrogen cycle is given in this chapter. NCERT Solutions describe the answer in an understandable way to reach all level of students. NCERT Class 9 Science Chapter 14 Natural Resources comes under Unit 4 and can fetch you 6 marks easily. This chapter includes topics like

  • The breath of life: Air (5 questions)
  • Water: A wonder liquid (3 questions)
  • Mineral riches in the soil (3 questions)
  • Ozone layer (5 questions)
  • Post-chapter questions (6 questions)

Class 9 Science Chapter 14 Natural Resources Exercise 14.1 Solution

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14 – Natural Resources

  • NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Chapter 14 explains the role of the atmosphere.
  • It signifies the importance of rain and water.
  • Uneven heating of air over land and water-bodies causes winds.
  • Explains how air and water pollutions occur in nature
  • Importance and effects of manures and fertilisers.

Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14 – Natural Resources:

  • Provides completely solved solutions to all the questions present in the respective NCERT textbooks.
  • The language used in NCERT Solutions is easy to understand for the students.
  • These solutions will be useful for CBSE exams, Science Olympiads, and other competitive exams.
  • Provides detailed answers to all the questions to help students in their preparations.

Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14


What will I learn from Chapter 14 of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science?

1. Chapter 14 of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science explains the role of the atmosphere.
2. The importance of rain and water is of top priority.
3. The causes of winds are discussed in simple language for a better understanding among students.
4. How air and water pollution occur in nature is covered in this chapter.
5. The effects and importance of fertilisers and manures are also explained.

What are the topics included, and how many questions are present under them in Chapter 14 of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science?

The topics included in Chapter 14 of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science are as follows:
The breath of life: Air (5 questions)
Water: A wonder liquid (3 questions)
Mineral riches in the soil (3 questions)
Ozone layer (5 questions)
Post-chapter questions (6 questions)

Explain the greenhouse effect covered in Chapter 14 of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science.

The natural phenomenon of trapping solar radiation in the earth’s atmosphere is called the greenhouse effect. Some of the major greenhouse gases include methane, ozone, water vapour, nitrous oxide, chlorofluorocarbon, etc. Students of Class 9 can refer to the NCERT Solutions designed by the experts at BYJU’S to understand this concept easily. Simple and understandable language is used to explain complex topics to help students, irrespective of their intelligence levels.


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