Manufacturing Industries

The manufacturing industries convert raw materials into finished goods. This industry makes use of machinery or labour to manufacture finished goods. The economic might of a nation is measured by the development of manufacturing industries. This article will provide an overview of manufacturing industries.

Manufacturing Industries – Location

The location of manufacturing industries is dependent on various factors. The location of manufacturing industries is dependent on the availability of suitable land at the desired price, proximity to the market, and availability of adequate labour, power, and capital. Good connectivity through roadways, railways, etc. is also another important factor.

Manufacturing Industries Clusters in India

The manufacturing industries clusters in India are located in the states of Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh.

There are different manufacturing associations in India. Some of them are the Indian Specialty Chemical Manufacturers’ Association, Alkali Manufacturers Association of India, Indian Chemical Council, Telecom Equipment Manufacturers Association (TEMA), and Electronics Industries Association of India (ELCINA).

Manufacturing Industries – Classification

The classification of manufacturing industries is done based on the following:

  • Based on Ownership
  • Based on the weight and bulk of raw materials and finished products
  • Based on capital investment
  • Based on their role
  • Based on the raw materials used.

Classification of Manufacturing Industries – Based on the Weight and Bulk of Raw Materials and Finished Products

Examples of such manufacturing industries are light industries and heavy industries. Manufacturing heavy engineering and construction equipment, the iron and steel industries would be classified as heavy industries. Manufacturing light electrical goods are examples of light industries of the manufacturing segment.

Classification of Manufacturing Industries – Based on Capital

Based on capital investment, manufacturing industries can be classified as small-scale industries, medium-scale industries, and large-scale industries.

Classification of Manufacturing Industries – Based on Ownership

Based on ownership, manufacturing industries can be classified as cooperative sector industries, joint sector industries, private sector industries, and public sector companies.

Examples of public sector companies are Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL), Coal India Limited (CIL), Oil & Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), etc. These public sector companies can be further classified into Maharatna companies, Navaratna companies, and Miniratna companies.

For more information on the public sector companies of India, visit the below-given links.

10 Maharatna Companies – Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs)

14 Navratna Companies – Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs)

74 Miniratna Companies – Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs)

Classification of Manufacturing Industries – Based on the Raw Materials Used

Based on raw materials used, manufacturing industries can be classified as mineral-based industries and agro-based industries. Aluminium, iron & steel, and petrochemicals are examples of mineral-based industries. The sugar industry, tea industry, coffee industry, jute industry, cotton industry, etc. are examples of agro-based industries.

Classification of Manufacturing Industries – Based on Role

Such manufacturing industries can be classified as consumer industries or basic industries. Basic industries will provide the raw materials for the manufacturing of finished goods. Industries manufacturing the finished products for consumers are consumer industries. Examples are paper, sugar, etc.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


What are the examples of manufacturing industries?

The examples of manufacturing industries are manufacturing of various goods such as consumer electronics, furniture, heavy machinery, automobiles, aircrafts, clothing, etc.

What are the 3 types of manufacturing?

The 3 types of manufacturing are Make to Assemble (MTA), Make to Order (MTO), and Make to Stock (MTS). Make-to-stock (MTS) is a manufacturing strategy in which production scheduling and planning are based on forecasted demand for the product. Make-to-order (MTO), is a business production strategy that usually permits customers to purchase products that are customised as per their specification needs. Make to Assemble (MTA) is a manufacturing strategy whereby the manufacturer creates or obtains all of the components of its products, but does not assemble the product until a customer places an order.

What are the 5 manufacturing process types?

The 5 manufacturing process types are process manufacturing (batch), process manufacturing (continuous), job shop manufacturing, discrete manufacturing, and repetitive manufacturing.

What are the different types of industries?

The three types of industries are primary industry, secondary industry, and tertiary industry. Manufacturing industries come under the secondary industry. Secondary industry is the place where raw materials are converted into finished goods.

Why are manufacturing industries important?

Manufacturing industries are considered to be the backbone of economic development in a country. For example, China managed to progress rapidly because of its manufacturing industries. Currently, even the Government of India is focusing on manufacturing industries by promoting Make in India, and providing various other government incentives with the objective of making India a manufacturing hub.